Brandon L. Garrett

  • White Burkett Miller Professor of Law and Public Affairs
  • Justice Thurgood Marshall Distinguished Professor of Law

Brandon L. Garrett joined the law faculty in 2005. His research and teaching interests include criminal procedure, wrongful convictions, habeas corpus, corporate crime, scientific evidence, civil rights, civil procedure and constitutional law. Garrett’s recent research includes studies of DNA exonerations and organizational prosecutions. The research web pages below provide data related to those studies.

Garrett’s recent book examining corporate prosecutions, titled “Too Big to Jail: How Prosecutors Compromise with Corporations,” was published by Harvard University Press in Fall 2014. Translations are forthcoming in Spain and Taiwan. A new book titled “End of its Rope: How Killing the Death Penalty Can Revive Criminal Justice,” examining the implications of the decline of the death penalty, is forthcoming in Fall 2017 from Harvard University Press. In 2011, Harvard University Press published Garrett’s book, "Convicting the Innocent: Where Criminal Prosecutions Go Wrong," examining the cases of the first 250 people to be exonerated by DNA testing. That book was the subject of a symposium issue in New England Law Review, and received an A.B.A. Silver Gavel Award, Honorable Mention, and a Constitutional Commentary Award. It was translated for editions in China, Japan and Taiwan. In 2013, Foundation Press published Garrett’s casebook, “Federal Habeas Corpus: Executive Detention and Post-Conviction Litigation,” co-authored with Lee Kovarsky. Garrett’s work has been widely cited by courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court, lower federal courts, state supreme courts, and courts in other countries, such as the Supreme Courts of Canada and Israel. Garrett also frequently speaks about criminal justice matters before legislative and policymaking bodies, groups of practicing lawyers, law enforcement, and to local and national media.

Garrett attended Columbia Law School, where he was an articles editor of the Columbia Law Review and a Kent Scholar. After graduating, he clerked for the Hon. Pierre N. Leval of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. He then worked as an associate at Neufeld, Scheck & Brustin LLP in New York City.

Federal Corporate Prosecution and Plea Agreement Data

"Convicting the Innocent" Data

"Reforming Criminal Justice" (Virginia Journal 2015)

Author Website

On Twitter @brandonlgarrett


  • J.D.
    Columbia University School of Law
  • B.A.
    Yale University


The Death Penalty (with Lee Kovarsky) (in contract, Concepts and Insights Series, Foundation Press).

End of its Rope: How Killing the Death Penalty Can Revive Criminal Justice (Harvard University Press, forthcoming 2017).

Too Big to Jail: How Prosecutors Target Corporations (Harvard University Press, 2014).

Federal Habeas Corpus: Executive Detention and Post-Conviction Litigation (with Lee Kovarsky) (Foundation Press casebook, 2013).

Convicting the Innocent: Where Criminal Prosecutions Go Wrong (Harvard University Press, 2011).


"The Reliable Application of Fingerprint Evidence," 66 UCLA L. Rev. 62 (2018)

"Judicial Appraisals of Risk Assessment in Sentencing" (with John Monahan) (2018).

"Local Evidence in Constitutional Interpretation," (2018).

"The State of the Death Penalty Decline," (2018).

"Unconstitutionally Illegitimate Discrimination," (2018).

"Do Heads Roll? An Empirical Analysis of CEO Turnover and Pay When the Corporation is Federally Prosecuted," (with Nan Li and Shivram Rajgopal)

"Actual Innocence and Wrongful Convictions," in Erik Luna, ed., Academy for Justice, A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform  (forthcoming 2017). 

"The Proficiency of Experts" (with Gregory Mitchell) 66 U. Pa. L. Rev. __ (2018). 

"Capital Jurors in an Era of Death Penalty Decline" (with Daniel A. Krauss and Nicholas Scurich), 126 Yale L.J. Forum 417 (2017).
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"The Crime Lab in the Age of the Genetic Panopticon (Book Review)," 114 Mich. L. Rev. __ (2017).

"Constitutional Reasonableness102 Minn. L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2017).

"The American Death Penalty Decline" (with Alex Jakubow and Ankur Desai) 105 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 561 (2017).

"Cumulative Constitutional Rights" (with Kerry Abrams), 97 B.U. L. Rev. __ (2017).

"The Decline of the Virginia (and American) Death Penalty," 105 Geo. L.J. 611 (2017).

"The Public Interest in Corporate Settlements" 58 B.C. L. Rev. __ (2017).

"A Tactical Fourth Amendment" (with Seth Stoughton), 102 Va. L. Rev. __ (2017).

“The Metamorphosis of Corporate Criminal Prosecutions,” 101 Va. L. Rev. Online 60 (2016).
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“The Myth of the Presumption of Innocence,” 94 Tex. L. Rev. 178 (2016).
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"The Rise of Bank Prosecutions," 126 Yale L.J. (2016).
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“Why Plea Bargains Are Not Confessions,” 57 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1415 (2016).
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“In the Shadow of the Death Penalty,” in Death Penalty and the Victims 104 (United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2016).

"Constitutional Law and the Law of Evidence," 71 Cornell L. Rev. 57 (2015).

"Contaminated Confessions Revisited," 101 Va. L. Rev. 395 (2015).
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"The Corporate Criminal as Scapegoat," 102 Va. L. Rev. 1789 (2015).
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"DNA and Distrust" (with Kerry Abrams). 91 Notre Dame L. Rev. 757 (2015).
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“Images of Injustice,” in Charles J. Ogletree, Jr. & Austin Sarat, eds., Punishment in Popular Culture 257 (New York University Press, 2015). 

“Interrogation Policies,” 49 U. Rich. L. Rev. 895 (2015).
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"Accuracy in Sentencing," 87 S. Cal. L. Rev. 499 (2014).

"The Constitutional Standing of Corporations," 163 U. Pa. L. Rev. 95 (2014).

"Aggregation and Constitutional Rights," 88 Notre Dame L. Rev. 593 (2013).
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“Blinded Criminal Justice,” 2 J. Applied Res. Memory & Cognition 73 (2013).

“Habeas Corpus Standing Alone: A Reply to Lee B. Kovarsky and Stephen I. Vladeck,” 98 Cornell L. Rev. Online 35 (2013).
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“How Jurors Evaluate Fingerprint Evidence: The Relative Importance of Match Language, Method Information, and Error Acknowledgment” (with Gregory Mitchell), 10 J. Empirical Legal Stud. 484 (2013).

“Remaining Silent after Salinas,” 80 U. Chi. L. Rev. Dialogue 116 (2013).
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“Validating the Right to Counsel,” 70 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 927 (2013).
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"Habeas Corpus and Due Process," 68 Cornell L. Rev. 47 (2012).
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"Eyewitnesses and Exclusion, 65 Vand. L. Rev. 451 (2012).
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“Trial and Error: Learning from Patterns of Mistakes,” Crim. Just., Winter 2012, at 30.

"Globalized Corporate Prosecutions, 97 Va. L. Rev. 1775 (2011).
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"The Substance of False Confessions," 62 Stan. L. Rev. 1051 (2010).
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"Invalid Forensic Science Testimony and Wrongful Convictions" (with Peter Neufeld), 95Va. L. Rev. 1 (2009).
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"Claiming Innocence," 92 Minn. L. Rev. 1629 (2008). 
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"Judging Innocence," 108 Colum. L. Rev. 55 (2008). 
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"Structural Reform Prosecution," 93 Va. L. Rev. 853 (2007).
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"Aggregation in Criminal Law," 95 Cal. L. Rev. 383 (2007). 
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"Criminal Justice Collapse: The Constitution After Hurricane Katrina" (with Tania Tetlow), 56 Duke L. J. 127 (2006).
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"Innocence, Harmless Error and Federal Wrongful Conviction Law," 2005 Wisc. L. Rev.35.
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"Madisonian Equal Protection" (with James Liebman), 104 Colum. L. Rev. 837 (2004).
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"Experimentalist Equal Protection" (with James Liebman), 22 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 261 (2004).
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"Remedying Racial Profiling," 33 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 41 (2001).
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"Standing While Black: Distinguishing Lyons in Racial Profiling Cases," 100 Colum. L. Rev. 1815 (2000).
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Book Chapters:

"Actual Innocence and Wrongful Convictions" (chapter in Bridging the Gap: A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform, Erik Luna, ed., forthcoming 2017).

"International Corporate Prosecutions" (chapter in Comparative Criminal Procedure, Darryl Brown, Bettina Weisse, Jenia Turner, eds., Oxford U. Press, forthcoming 2018).

"The Rise of Corporate Prosecutions in America" (chapter in Lei Anticorrupção, Jorge Munhós, ed. forthcoming 2017).

"The Constitutional Rights of Corporations in the United States" (chapter in Understanding the Modern Company, forthcoming 2016).

"Convicting the Innocent Redux" (chapter in Wrongful Convictions and the DNA Revolution: Twenty-Five Years of Freeing the Innocent, D. Medwed, ed., Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2016). 

"Individual and Corporate Criminals" (chapter in Research Handbook on Corporate Crime and Financial Misdealing, Jennifer Arlen, ed., forthcoming 2016).

“Blinding Eyewitness Identifications,” in Christopher T. Robertson & Aaron S. Kesselheim, eds., Blinding as a Solution to Bias: Strengthening Biomedical Science, Forensic Science, and Law 297 (Academic Press, 2016).

"Images of Injustice" (chapter in Punishment and Popular Culture, ed. Austin Sarat & Charles Ogletree (NYU Press, 2014).

“Wrongful Convictions and the Role of Forensic Science,” in Allan Jamieson & Andre Moenssens, eds., Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science (Wiley, online ed. 2014).

“Roots of Wrongful Convictions,” in Philip H. Crowley & Thomas R. Zentall, eds.,Comparative Decision Making 379 (Oxford University Press, 2013).

"Trial and Error" in C. Ronald Huff & Martin Killias, eds., Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice: Causes and Remedies in North American and European Criminal Justice Systems 77 (Routledge, 2013).

"Collaborative Organizational Prosecution," in Rachel Barkow and Anthony Barkow, eds.,Prosecutors in the Boardroom: Using Criminal Law to Regulate Corporate Conduct 154 (New York University Press, 2011).


"Mis-constitutionalized Evidence Law" (work in progress).

"Causes of Wrongful Convictions and the Significance of the Innocence Movement", 34 Ritsumeikan Ningen Kagaku Kenkyu 77 (2016).

"Towards an International Right to Claim Innocence", 105 Ca. L. Rev. __ (2017).

"Forensics and Fallibility: Comparing the Views of Lawyers and Jurors", (with Greg Mitchell) 119 W. Va. L. Rev. 621 (2016).
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"The Constitutional Regulation of Forensic Evidence," 73 Wash & Lee L. Rev. 1147 (2016).
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"Eyewitness Identifications and Police Practices in Virginia," 3 Va. J. Criminal L. 1 (2014).

"Validating the Right to Counsel," 70 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 927 (2013).

"Introduction: Symposium on ‘Convicting the Innocent,’" 46 New Eng. L. Rev. 671 (2012) (symposium issue).
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"DNA and Due Process," 78 Fordham L. Rev. 2919 (2010).

"Corporate Confessions," 30 Cardozo L. Rev. (2009) (symposium issue).
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Book Reviews and Shorter Works:

"The Boom and Bust of American Imprisonment", 95 Tx. L. Rev. (book review, forthcoming 2017).

"Capital Jurors in an Era of Death Penalty Decline"(with Nicholas Scurich and Daniel Krauss) 126 Yale L. J. Forum 417 (2017).
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"Trials and Errors", 34 The Baffler (2017).

"Defending Against Wrongful Convictions", 62 Quarterly Keiji-Bengo (Winter 2016).

"The Changing Face of Corporate Prosecutions", The Champion, Sept./Oct. 2016, at 48.

"Rare as Hen’s Teeth: The New Geography of the American Death Penalty", ABA Human Rts Magazine __ (2016).

"The Crime Lab in the Age of the Genetic Panopticon," 114 Mich. L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2016).

"The Rise of Bank Prosecutions," 125 Yale L.J.F. __ (2016).

"The Myth of the Presumption of Innocence," Tex. L. Rev. Online __ (2015).

"The Metamorphosis of Corporate Criminal Prosecutions," 101 Va. L. Rev. Online 60 (2016).

"Bad Hair: The Legal Response to Mass Forensics Errors," ABA Litig. Mag., Summer 2016, at 32.
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“Applause for the Plausible,” 162 U. Penn. L. Rev. Online 221 (2014).

"Big Data and Due Process," 99 Cornell L. Rev. Online 207 (2014).

"Rehabilitating Corporations," 67 Fla. L. Rev Online 1 (2014). 

"Remaining Silent after Salinas," U. Chi. L. Rev. (2013)

"The Banality of Wrongful Convictions," 112 Mich. L. Rev. (2013) (book review of Dan Simon, In Doubt, and James Liebman et al., Los Tocayos Carlos).

"Habeas Corpus Standing Alone: A Reply to Lee B. Kovarsky and Stephen I. Vladeck,"Cornell L. Rev. Online (2013).

"Blinded Criminal Justice," J. Applied Res. Memory & Cog., Commentary on “The Forensic Confirmation Bias,” by Saul Kassin, Itiel Dror and Jeff Kukucka (2013).

"Roots of Wrongful Convictions," Commentary in Comparative Decision Making, ed. Philip H. Crowley & Thomas R. Zentall (Oxford U. Press 2013).

"Judges and Wrongful Convictions," 48 Ct. Rev. 132 (2012).

"Opening the Black Box," 58 Crime, L. & Soc. Change 567 (2012) (book review of Dan Medwed, Prosecution Complex).

"The Great Writ," Rev. of Pol. (2012) (book review, Justin J. Wert, Habeas Corpus in America).

"United States v. Goliath," 93 Va. L. Rev. In Brief 91 (2007).


“DNA Evidence Casts Light on Flaws in System,” in Moving Away from the Death Penalty: Arguments, Trends and Perspectives 30 (United Nations, 2014).

“The United States – False Confessions, Flawed Evidence and the Advent of DNA Testing,” in The Administration of Justice in Death Penalty Cases 14 (Death Penalty Project, 2014).

Corporate Anti-Corruption Prosecutions in the United States, Fifth Session of the International Forum on Crime and Criminal Law in the Global Era, Nov. 2013. 

The Incidence of Improper Forensic Science Testimony in the Criminal Trials of the Innocent, National Academy of Science, Committee on Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community, February 1, 2008 [with Peter J. Neufeld].

Current Courses

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Post-conviction Remedies
Civil Procedure




Forensics, Statistics and Law

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