Through a combination of classroom lectures and discussions, readings, guest speakers, and representation of indigent defendants in actual criminal cases pending in the local courts under the direct supervision of an experienced local criminal defense attorney, students explore the full range of practical, ethical and intellectual challenges inherent to indigent criminal defense. Students also thoughtfully examine the relationship between race, poverty and the criminal justice system. Each student has the opportunity to perform all lawyering functions associated with their assigned cases, including interviewing, investigation, research, plea negotiation and courtroom advocacy. For each case, students prepare an initial, investigative, trial and closing memorandum. Supervising attorneys guide the students' case preparation, give practical advice and help develop defense strategies in regular conferences. The full clinic meets regularly in seminar sessions, where substantive areas of criminal defense practice are covered, including client management, evidentiary issues, criminal procedure, sentencing options and ethical responsibilities. During the second half of the semester, the emphasis is on workshopping individual cases, trial and negotiation exercises, and out-of-classroom experiences such as a tour of a jail and a police ride-along.