In Memoriam: Leigh Middleditch ’57, Sorensen Institute Founder Who Worked To End Gerrymandering in Virginia
Leigh Middleditch Jr., a University of Virginia-educated lawyer who worked behind the scenes to end partisan divides in Virginia, including in gerrymandering, while also improving his alma mater and the Charlottesville community, died Monday at 92.
Middleditch graduated from UVA’s College of Arts & Sciences in 1951 and from the School of Law in 1957. Friends reported that he had an aggressive brain tumor that was undiscovered until a few weeks ago.
He is perhaps best known for co-founding the Sorensen Institute for Political Leadership at UVA, which trains leaders in the art of political negotiation and nonpartisan cooperation, and for helping to end the state’s decades-old partisan redistricting process by launching a successful constitutional amendment campaign.
“If anyone was the father or parent of nonpartisan redistricting in Virginia, it was Leigh,” said Charles “Skip” Fox ’80, a partner at McGuireWoods who worked with Middleditch for decades.
Middleditch’s résumé of social contributions was robust. In fact, according to his friends, they were so numerous as to make them nearly impossible to quantify and order. He was a serial founder and member of boards and charitable projects, including having served on the UVA Board of Visitors from 1990-94 as an appointee of Gov. Douglas Wilder. His civic commitments, most often focused on governance, filled almost every moment outside of his work in tax law.
Middleditch eschewed the spotlight, so he refused to assert ownership over his many claims to fame.
“He would not want credit for any of it,” said Bob Gibson, a former executive director of the Sorensen Institute who recently retired from UVA as communications director of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service.
Recognizing growing national and state political divides, Middleditch co-founded the institute in 1993 as the Virginia Institute of Political Leadership, in collaboration with Charlottesville-based investor and environmentalist Michael Bills. The goal was fairly straightforward, Gibson said: “Bring Republicans and Democrats together.”
Among the more than 2,000 graduates of the institute’s various programs, alumni include Gov. Ralph Northam and dozens of members of the Virginia General Assembly, including 27 current members, and hundreds of other leaders, who serve in local government or other roles.
While Middleditch remained on Sorensen’s executive committee until his death, he gave space.
“Leigh was someone who had an idea and let others run with it,” Gibson said. “He was a quiet guy. A leader by consensus but not by talking, as much as starting things off and letting them take their natural direction.”
Fox added, “He was a person who brought people together, got lists of contacts, got funding and kept it going. He was an honest broker among a lot of different groups.”
In the interest of political comity, one of Middleditch’s many initiatives was OneVirginia2021: Virginians for Fair Redistricting. The group set out to overhaul gerrymandering in the state — a redrawing of voting districts that typically happens after a party has gained power, all done behind the scenes. Critics viewed the historical process as a way of artificially manipulating future elections, distorting how pockets of the state actually voted. OneVirginia2021’s efforts led to the successful state referendum in 2020 that established an advisory commission and new redistricting rules.
“He was the prime motivator behind the effort, which sponsored the longshot amendment,” Gibson said. “It passed with overwhelming public support and approval.”
Though the effort was not a total victory, Gibson said, because partisan appointment still plays a role in the new scheme, “It ends gerrymandering by one party through backroom dealing and introduces transparency into the process.”
Even among friends, there was some skepticism the goal could be achieved.
“We didn’t think he had a chance in hell, but he did!” said Peter Arntson ’65. Arntson served with Middleditch as a trustee of the Claude T. Moore Charitable Foundation. As a major funder of health and education in the state, the foundation donated $5 million for the current School of Nursing building.
But OneVirginia2021 was typical of most of Middleditch’s projects and the way he conducted his life in general, Arntson said. “He got everybody else involved.”
Middleditch was born Sept. 30, 1929, in Detroit. He completed his bachelor’s from UVA, where he was a member of Omicron Delta Kappa, before embarking on military service. He returned to the Law School through the ROTC, and passed the bar in 1957. He became an associate of James H. Michael Jr. from 1957-59, then a partner at Battle, Neal, Harris, Minor & Williams from 1959-68. He joined McGuire, Woods, Battle & Boothe (now McGuireWoods) in 1972.
Throughout his professional career, he was also devoted to helping UVA.
Middleditch served as the University’s legal adviser and special counsel from 1968-72, during the shift to coeducation in undergraduate study. In addition to later serving on the Board of Visitors, he served as president of the Law School Alumni Association from 1979-81; served on the UVA Alumni Board of Managers from 1994-2001, including as president from 2000-01; chaired the UVA Health Services Foundation (now UVA Physicians Group) from 1988-97; chaired the Virginia Health Care Foundation from 1997-98; was foundation president of the Miller Center for the Study of the President; and helped start the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute at UVA in 2001.
Other major volunteering included directing the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and service on the boards of the American Bar Association, Virginia State Bar, Virginia Health Care Foundation, Virginia’s Secure Commonwealth Panel and the Virginia Council on Economic Education. He was president of the Charlottesville-Albemarle Bar Association from 1979-80.
In Charlottesville, his board work included stewardship of community journalism through Charlottesville Tomorrow and indigent health care through the Charlottesville Free Clinic.
He was a former trustee for the Thomas Jefferson Foundation, which runs Monticello, and James Madison’s Montpelier.
“I don’t know that I ever saw Leigh without a sport coat and always in the lapel was a pin with the American and Virginia flags,” UVA professor of politics James “Jim” Todd, who shared an interest with Middleditch in Montpelier, said in a Facebook post remembering his friend. “To me he was the embodiment of a good citizen and more than that a patriot who devoted a great deal of his life to working for the good of all of us.”
Co-author of the first edition of “Virginia Civil Procedure” with Professor Emeritus Kent Sinclair, Middleditch taught as a lecturer at UVA’s graduate School of Business from 1958-1990, and at the Law School for two decades starting in 1970. Those associations were how Lucius H. Bracey Jr. ’67 came to know and eventually work with him at McGuireWoods. He said Middleditch strived for a more transparent and accessible law firm culture, which convinced Bracey to turn down a job he had accepted in New York.
It helped that Middleditch reached out to him personally in the hallway of the Law School.
“He mentored a lot of young people,” Bracey said.
Bracey and Fox remembered Middleditch as a serious colleague, short on words, but one who valued people.
“He always had a twinkle in his eye, which would take you off guard, but when push came to shove, he was no-nonsense,” Bracey said. In some instances that goes along with tax work, he said, but “I think in this case the personality drove the career.”
Middleditch had taught Fox in law school. As an instructor and in social settings, Middleditch, whom Fox had known since early childhood through his father, also a McGuireWoods attorney, was reserved, Fox said. Yet he was constantly thinking of others. Middleditch wrote Fox’s son letters of encouragement every few weeks after the son enlisted in the military. Middleditch himself had been in the U.S. Navy from 1951-57, retiring as a captain in the reserve.
“He was really, in his quiet way, beloved by everyone he met,” Fox said. “He might have seemed a little gruff at times, but he really cared.”
Middleditch famously ordered lunch every day from Timberlake’s Drug Store downtown. But not just any meal, nor even any sandwich. He ordered the tuna fish sandwich. At 11:45 a.m., the women who ran the lunch counter knew to have his sandwich ready.
John Plantz, the longtime owner of Timberlake’s, said Middleditch followed this routine for decades, at least since 1977, when Plantz took over the store. From his vantage point in the pharmacy, Plantz could always see him coming, because of his recognizable gait.
“He wanted it ready for the same time every day, and he had the exact change,” Plantz said. “He didn’t want to stand around and dilly dally.”
That meant Middleditch didn’t tip. “But at the end of the year he gave every lady at the counter a nice Christmas check.”
He would never stay to eat or chit-chat, like some of the other attorneys would.
“I think his office is the place he liked to be more than anything,” Plantz said.
Middleditch retired from McGuireWoods in 2018 after 60 years with the firm, but he rented an office downtown so he could continue his redistricting reform effort and other projects.
Although he reluctantly accepted a few awards over the course of his life, including the Sorensen Institute’s Founder’s Award in 2019, Middleditch found the work itself to be his reward, according to friends. Fox and Bracey said he instilled in his fellow lawyers that pro bono and public service were to be considered not just the occasional good deed, but a way of life.
In bringing others along, then standing behind them, “He did a lot that a lot of other people got credit for,” Fox said. The key to his lasting successes was his persistence. “If he wanted something, he was going to keep after you.”
Middleditch is survived by his wife, Betty Lou, and three children, among other family members.
Friends said that he requested that his civic contributions not be mentioned in his obituary.
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