Ukraine has turned to international institutions to hold Russia and Russian officials accountable for violations of international law. In the month following the invasion, Ukraine initiated proceedings in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), both of which have issued preliminary orders directing Russia to cease military action. The International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor has also opened an investigation into events in Ukraine. Other avenues for accountability include investigations opened by various international entities, as well as domestic legal processes in Ukraine and other countries. Mounting evidence of Russian wartime misconduct has ramped up calls for legal accountability, though the prospects for obtaining such redress remain uncertain.

Kristen Eichensehr, International Institutions Mobilize to Impose Accountability on Russia and Individual Perpetrators of War Crimes and Other Abuses, 116 American Journal of International Law 631–642 (2022).
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