Gil Siegal

  • Professor of Law, General Faculty

Dr. Gil Siegal’s scholarly interests cover the expanding spectrum of modern health law and bioethics including medical malpractice, genetics and biotechnology, public health law, organ transplantation and telemedicine.

Siegal is also the director of the Center for Health Law and Bioethics at Kiryat Ono College in Israel and a senior researcher at the Gertner Institute for Health Policy. He is chief editor of The Journal of Health Law & Bioethics [Heb].

Siegal serves on several national committees in Israel, including the Israeli National Committee for Medical Research, the Israeli National Committee on Human Genetic Research and the Israeli National Committee on Non-Medical Sex Selection. He is chairperson of the Israeli National Forum for Legal and Ethical Aspect of Genetics.

During 2003-04, Siegal was a fellow in health policy and ethics at UVA School of Law, where he also taught Comparative Health Law. During 2004-05, he served as a fellow in medical ethics at Harvard University Medical School, and a research fellow and consultant at Harvard School of Public Health, working on demonstration projects of administrative compensation for medical injuries (with Michelle Mello and David Studdert).

He has taught at the following law and medical schools: Haifa University, Manchester University, Tel Aviv University, Bar Ilan University and Hebrew University.


  • S.J.D.
    University of Virginia School of Law
  • LL.B.
    Tel Aviv University
  • M.D.
    Tel Aviv University, Sackler Medical School


Bioethics Blue and White: Bioethics and Medical Law in Israel (editor) (Bialik Publishing, 2015).

Book Chapters:

 “Malpractice,” in 2 Henk ten Have, ed., Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics 1801 (Springer, 2016).

“Organ Trade,” in 3 Henk ten Have, ed., Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics 2068 (Springer, 2016).

“Israeli Bioethics,” in Gil Siegal, ed., Bioethics Blue and White: Bioethics and Medical Law in Israel 8 (Bialik Publishing, 2015). “Electronic Medical Tourism and the Medical World Wide Web,” in I. Glenn Cohen, ed., The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues 341 (Oxford University Press, 2013).

“Leadership and the Road to Personal Responsibility for Healthy Behavior – Between Autonomy and Paternalistic Interventions” (with Neomi Siegal), in Bruce Rosen et al., eds., Accountability and Responsibility in Health Care: Issues in Addressing an Emerging Global Challenge 499 (World Scientific, 2012).

“Genetic Testing and Screening in Religious Groups – Perspectives of Jewish Charedi Communities” (with Barbara Prainsack), in Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli and Yoram Carmeli, eds., Kin, Gene, Community: Reproductive Technologies among Jewish Israelis 153 (Berghahn Books, 2010).

“Health and Welfare,” in 7 The World and Its Peoples: Middle East, Western Asia and Northern Africa 929 (2007).

“The Stem Cell Debate: A Jewish Perspective on Human Dignity, Human Creativity and Inter-religious Dialogues” (with Y. Michael Barilan), in Wolfgang Bender et al., eds., Grenzüberschreitungen: Kulturelle, Religiöse und Politische Differenzen im Kontext der Stammzellenforschung Weltwei 293 (Agenda, 2005).


In English:

“Beyond Nature? Genomic Modification and the Future of Humanity” (with Julia D. Mahoney), 81:3 Law & Contemp. Probs. 195 (2018).

“Ethical Issues in Nanomedicine: Tempest in a Teapot?” (with others), 20 Med. Health Care & Phil. 3 (2017).

“Medical Malpractice Implications of Clinical Practice Guidelines” (with Douglas S. Ruhl), 157 Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery 175 (2017).

 “On the Verge of Shared Decision Making in Israel: Overview and Future Directions” (with others), 123-124 Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen (ZEFQ) 56 (2017).

“Medical Information Exchange: Pattern of Global Mobile Messenger Usage among Otolaryngologists” (with others), 155 Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery 753 (2016).

“On Blind Spots, Moral Obligations and Collective Action Problems,” 16(11) Am. J. Bioethics 20 (2016).

“Should Altruism, Solidarity, or Reciprocity Be Used as Prosocial Appeals? Contrasting Conceptions of Members of the General Public and Medical Professionals Regarding Promoting Organ Donation” (with Nurit Guttman, Naama Appel, and Gitit Bar-On), 66 J. Communication 909 (2016).

“Child Protection Decisions to Substantiate Hospital Child Protection Teams’ Reports of Suspected Maltreatment” (with others), 40 Child Abuse & Neglect 132 (2015).

“Genomic Databases and Biobanks in Israel,” 43 J.L. Med. & Ethics 766 (2015).

“Making the Case for Directed Organ Donation to Registered Donors in Israel,” 3:1 Isr. J. Health Pol’y Res. 11 (2014).

“Predicting the Decisions of Hospital Based Child Protection Teams to Report to Child Protective Services, Police and Community Welfare Services” (with others), 38 Child Abuse & Neglect 11 (2014).

“Risk Factors for Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Chronic Otitis Media” (with others), 133 Acta Oto-Laryngologica 1173 (2013).

“Jump-Starting Telemedicine,” 91 Ear, Nose & Throat J. 266 (2012).

“Enabling Globalization of Health Care in the Information Technology Era: Telemedicine and the Medical World Wide Web,” 17 Va. J. L. & Tech. 1 (2012).

“Health Information Technology and Physicians’ Duty to Notify Patients of New Medical Developments” (with Mark A. Rothstein), 12 Hous. J. Health L. & Pol’y 93 (2012).
HeinOnline (PDF)

“Personalized Disclosure by Information-on-Demand: Attending to Patients’ Needs in the Informed Consent Process” (with Richard J. Bonnie and Paul S. Appelbaum), 40 J.L. Med. & Ethics 359 (2012).
HeinOnline (PDF)

“Shared Decision-Making in Israel: Status, Barriers, and Recommendations” (with others), 1:5 Israel J. Health Pol’y Res. 1 (2012).

“The Status of Shared Decision Making and Citizen Participation in Israeli Medicine” (with others), 105 Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen (ZEFQ) 271 (2011).

“Telemedicine: Licensing and Other Legal Issues,” 44 Otolaryngologic Clinics N. Am. 1375 (2011).

“European Heart Rhythm Association Expert Consensus Statement on the Management of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices in Patients Nearing End of Life or Requesting Withdrawal of Therapy” (with others), 12 Europace 1480 (2010).

“An Account of Collective Actions in Public Health” (with Neomi Siegal & Richard J. Bonnie) 99 Am. J. of Pub. Health 1583 (2009).

“Adjudicating Severe Birth Injury Claims in Florida and Virginia: The Experience of a Landmark Experiment in Personal Injury Compensation” (with Michelle M. Mello & David M. Studdert), 34 Am. J. L. & Med. 493 (2008) .
HeinOnline (PDF)

“Mr./Mrs Right or Mr./Mrs. Gene-Right? – On Premarital Genetic Screening” American Institute of Biological Sciences (2007).

“Closing the Organ Gap: A Proposal for National Organ Transplantation Insurance” (with Richard J. Bonnie), 34 J.L. Med. & Ethics 415 (2006).
HeinOnline (PDF)

“The Rise of Genetic Couplehood? Comparative View of Premarital Genetic Screening” (with Barbara Prainsack), 1 BioSocieties 17 (2006).

“Reflections on Fairness in UNOS Allocation Policies” (with Richard J. Bonnie), 5(4) Am J. Bioethics 28 (2005).

“Role of Diagnosis-Specific Information Sheets in Parents’ Understanding of Emergency Department Discharge Instructions” (with others), 12 Eur. J. Emergency Med. 159 (2005).

“Embryonic Stem Cells Research in Israel: A Legal and Ethical Inquiry,” 7 J. Biolaw & Bus. 10 (2004).

“The Great Auricular Nerve; Does It Penetrate the Parotid Gland? An Anatomical and Microscopial Study” (with others), 30 J. Craniomaxillofacial Surgery 318 (2002).

“Sensorineural Hearing Loss and Metastatic Leptomeningeal Malignancy” (with others), 2002 Israel Med. Ass’n J. 300.

“Treating Acute Anaemia in a Jehovah's Witness in Israel: An Innovative Approach to a Medical and Legal Challenge” (with Luis A. Gaitini), 21 Med. & L. 485 (2002).

“Do Parents Understand Emergency Department Discharge Instructions? A Survey Analysis” (with others), 5(8) Israel Med. Ass’n J. 567 (2003).

“Physicians’ Attitudes Towards Patients’ Rights Legislation” (with Noemi Siegal and Yechezkel Weisman), 20 Med. & L. 63 (2001).

“Quiz Case 1” (with others), 127 Archives Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery 78 (2001).

“Breast Masses in Adolescent Females” (with Annette Siegal and Zvi Kaufman), 51 J. Surgical Oncology 169 (1992).

In Hebrew: “Force-Feeding or Life-Saving?: Dealing with Hunger Strikes in Israel” (with others), 157 Harefuah 38 (2018).

“Israeli Bioethics and Health Law,” 6 J. Health L. & Bioethics 16 (2015).

“Decisions of Hospital Based Child Protection Teams to Report to Child Protective Services, Police and Community Welfare Services” (with others), 74 Soc. Worker J. 26 (2015).

“Compensating Road Accident Victims – Beyond the Appropriate Cause?” (with Uri Nir), 36(3) Tel Aviv U. L. Rev. 1 (2014).

“Information Technology in Medicine – Some Legal Observations,” 152 Harefuah 286 (2013).

“Editorial: Wrongful Life in Israel – A Needed Change,” 4 J. Health L. & Bioethics 10 (2011).

“Law and Regulation in the Digital Era of Medicine,” 11 Dead Sea Conf. 36 (2010).

“Mental Health Rights in Israel–A Multi-Dimensional Analysis” (with Moti Mark), 2 J. Health L. & Bioethics 46 (2009).

“Emerging Wrongful Life Cases – Between Mother’s Autonomy and Unborn Child’s Rights,” 1 J. Health L. & Bioethics 10 (2008).

“Compensating for Newborn Injuries,” 6 Law & Bus. 102 (2007).

“Developments in Health Law”, 5 Legal Yearbook 433 (2004/2005).

“Western Bioethics — Israel Between North America and Europe,” 143 Harefuah 142 (2004).

“Health Law in Israel—Contemporary Issues,” Hakyrya Ha’akademit L.J. (2004).

“Patient’s Duties – An Indispensable Legal Requirement,” 27 Med. & L. 65 (2002).

“Medical Follow-Up: A Legal Analysis,” 26 Med. & L. 190 (2002).

“Medical Treatments of Mature Minors – A Plea for Legal Reconsideration” (with Inbal Hochman and Noemi Siegal), 25 Med. & L. 317 (2001).

“Statutory Ethics Committees” (with Maya Peled), 17 Med. & L. 6 (1997).

“Property Rights in the Human Body” (with Noemi Siegal), 14 Med. & L. 13 (1996).

“Peer Review Committees Privilege,” 131 Harefuah 66 (1996).

Current Courses

All Courses

Comparative Health Law
Health Legislation
Medicine & Law
Medicine Law & Ethics – International Law
Nursing: Ethics and the Law
Professional Accountability and Risk Management
Telemedicine, Bio-technology and the Law