Darryl K. Brown

  • O. M. Vicars Professor of Law
  • Barron F. Black Research Professor of Law

Darryl K. Brown teaches Criminal Law, Criminal Adjudication and Evidence at UVA Law, among other courses. Before joining the law faculty in 2007, he was the Class of 1958 Alumni Professor of Law at Washington and Lee University School of Law, where he joined the faculty in 1998. He is the author of "Free Market Criminal Justice: How Democracy and Laissez Faire Undermine the Rule of Law."

Brown clerked for Chief Judge Dolores K. Sloviter of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit after earning his law degree at the University of Virginia. He was an associate at Kilpatrick & Cody in Atlanta before working as an assistant public defender in Clarke County, Ga.

Scholarship Profile: Exploring and Explaining How Criminal Law Really Works (Virginia Journal 2009)


  • J.D.
    University of Virginia School of Law
  • M.A.
    College of William and Mary
  • B.A.
    East Carolina University


Free Market Criminal Justice: How Democracy and Laissez Faire Undermine the Rule of Law (Oxford University Press 2016).

Adjudication of Criminal Justice: Cases and Problems (with R. Carlson & S. Crump) (Thomson/West, 2007). 


"The Trial Lottery," (with Kiel Brennan-Marquez & Stephen E. Henderson) (2019).

"The Case for a Trial Fee: What Money Can Buy in Criminal Process," 107 Cal. L. Rev. (2019).

"Evidence Disclosure and Discovery in Common Law Jurisdictions," The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Process (forthcoming 2018).

“How to Make Criminal Trials Disappear Without Pretrial Discovery,” 55 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 155 (2018). 
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“The Judicial Role in Criminal Charging and Plea Bargaining,” 46 Hofstra L. Rev. 63 (2017).
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“Discovery,” in Erik Luna, ed., 3 Reforming Criminal Justice: Pretrial and Trial Processes 147 (Academy for Justice, 2017).

"Discovery Reform in State Criminal Justice," forthcoming in Academy for Justice: A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform (Erik Luna ed., 2017).

“What’s the Matter with Kansas—and Utah?: Explaining Judicial Interventions in Plea Bargaining,” 95 Tex. L. Rev. See Also 47 (2017). 
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"Decriminalization, Regulation, Privatization: A Response to Professor Natapoff" 69 Vand. L. Rev. En Banc 1 (2016).
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“Judicial Power to Regulate Plea Bargaining,” 57 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1225 (2016).
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“Penal Modernism in Theory and Practice,” 1 Critical Analysis L. 182 (2014). 

“The Perverse Effects of Efficiency in Criminal Process,” 100 Va. L. Rev. 183 (2014).

“Public Welfare Offenses,” in Markus D. Dubber & Tatjana Hörnle, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Law 862 (Oxford University Press, 2014).

“Reforming the Judge’s Role in Plea Bargaining,” in Michelle Madden Dempsey et al., eds., The Future of Criminal Law? 75 (Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 2014).

“Strict Liability in the Shadow of Juries,” 67 SMU L. Rev. 525 (2014).

“What Can Kafka Tell Us About American Criminal Justice?,” 93 Tex. L. Rev. 487 (2014) (reviewing Robert P. Burns, Kafka’s Law: The Trial and American Criminal Justice (2014)).

Lafler’s Remedial Uncertainty: Why Prosecutors Can Rest Easy,” 4 HLRe: Off Rec. 9 (2013).
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“Criminal Law Reform and the Persistence of Strict Liability,” 62 Duke L.J. 285 (2012).
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“Criminal Law Theory and Criminal Justice Practice,” 49 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 73 (2012).
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“Defense Counsel, Trial Judges, and Evidence Production Protocols,” 45 Tex. Tech L. Rev. 133 (2012).
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“Federal Mens Rea Interpretation and the Limits of Culpability’s Relevance,” 75 Law & Contemp. Probs. no. 2 (2012), at 109.
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“Lafler, Frye and Our Still-Unregulated Plea Bargaining System,” 25 Fed. Sent’g Rep. 131 (2012). 

"Criminal Laws Unfortunate Triumph Over Administrative Law, 7 J. L., Econ. & Pol'y 657 (2011).
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"Why Padilla Doesn't Matter (Much)," 58 UCLA L. Rev. 1393 (2011).
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“American Prosecutors’ Powers and Obligations in the Era of Plea Bargaining,” in Erik Luna & Marianne L. Wade, eds., The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective 200 (Oxford University Press, 2012).

"Can Criminal Law Be Controlled?" 108 Mich. L. Rev. 971 (2010). (reviewing Douglas Husak, Overcriminalization: The Limits of the Criminal Law (2008)).
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"The Confrontation Clause and the High Stakes of the Court's Consideration of Briscoe v. Virginia" (with Stephen Willis Murphy), 95 Va. L. Rev. in Brief 97 (2010).
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"Epiphenomenal Indigent Defense," 75 Mo. L. Rev. 907 (2010).
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“History’s Challenge to Criminal Law Theory,” 3 Crim. L. & Phil. 271 (2009).

"Prosecutors and Overcriminalization: Thoughts on Political Dynamics and a Doctrinal Response," 6 Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 453 (2009).
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"Yick Wo and the Constitutional Regulation of Criminal Law," 2008 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1405(2008).
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"Executive Branch Regulation of Criminal Defense Counsel and the Private Contract Limit on Prosecutor Bargaining," 57 DePaul L. Rev. 365 (2008).

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"The Multifarious Politics of Capital Punishment: A Response to Smith," 94 Va. L. Rev. In Brief 57 (2008).

"Democracy and Decriminalization,” 86 Tex. L. Rev. 223 (2007).
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"The Decline of Defense Counsel and the Rise of Accuracy in Criminal Adjudication," 93Cal. L. Rev. 1585 (2005).
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"Cost-Benefit Analysis in Criminal Law," 92 Cal. L. Rev. 323 (2004).
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"The Problematic and Faintly Promising Dynamics of Corporate Crime Enforcement," 1Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 521 (2004).
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"Rationing Criminal Defense Entitlements: An Argument from Institutional Design," 104Colum. L. Rev. 801 (2004).
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"The Warren Court, Criminal Procedure Reform, and Retributive Punishment," 59 Wash. & Lee L. Rev.1411 (Fall 2002).
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"Judicial Instructions, Defendant Culpability, and Jury Interpretation of Law," 21 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 25 (2002) (published with proceedings from ISISC conference 1999).
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"An Overview of the American Criminal Jury" (with Kimberly A. Mottley & David Abrami), 21 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev 99 (2002) (published with proceedings from ISISC conference 1999).
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"Third-Party Interests in Criminal Law," 80 Tex. L. Rev. 1383 (2002).
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"Watching Legislatures for Apprendi's Effects on Plea Bargaining," 5 Cal. Crim. L. Rev. 1 (2002).

"What Virtue Ethics Can Do for Criminal Justice: A Reply to Huigens," 37 Wake Forest L. Rev. 29 (2002).
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"Street Crime, Corporate Crime, and the Contingency of Criminal Liability," 149 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1295 (2001).
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"Criminal Procedure Entitlements, Professionalism, and Lawyering Norms," 61 Ohio St. L.J. 801 (2000).
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"Regulating Decision Effects of Legally Sufficient Jury Instructions," 73 S. Calif. L. Rev.1105 (2000).
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"Correspondence: Criminal Procedure, Justice, Ethics and Zeal," 96 Mich. L. Rev. 2146 (1998). 
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"Plain Meaning, Practical Reason and Culpability: Toward a Theory of Jury Interpretation of Criminal Statutes," 96 Mich. L. Rev. 1199 (1998). 
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"Jury Nullification within the Rule of Law," 81 Minn. L. Rev. 1149 (1997). 
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"Structure and Relation in the Jurisprudence of Juries: Comparing the Capital Sentencing and Punitive Damages Doctrines," 47 Hastings L.J. 1255 (1996); excerpt reprinted in Ronald L. Carlson, Successful Techniques for Civil Trials (2d ed. 1992; 1998 pocket part). 
HeinOnline (PDF)

"Class and Credibility: Insights from Empirical Sociology, Cognitive Psychology, and Trial Practice," III Class and Identity Readings 499 (1995) (conference proceedings). 

"The Role of Race in Jury Impartiality and Venue Transfers," 53 Md. L. Rev. 107 (1994). 
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"Racism and Race Relations in the University," 76 Va. L. Rev. 295 (1990) (student note). 
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Book Reviews:

Review of Daniel Givelber & Amy Farrell, Not Guilty: Are the Acquitted Innocent?Crim. L. & Crim. Just. Books, Jan. 2013.

"Trial Practice as Legal Reasoning—and Legal Realism," 24 N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 315 (1998) (reviewing Trial Advocacy: Inferences, Arguments, Techniques, by Moore, Bergman & Binder).
HeinOnline (PDF)

"The Means and Ends of Representative Juries," 1 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 445 (1994) (reviewing Race and the Jury by Fukurai, et al.). 
HeinOnline (PDF)

Current Courses

No courses were found for this instructor.

All Courses

Criminal Adjudication
Criminal Law
Criminal Procedure
Race & Crime Seminar
White Collar Crime
Crime and Regulation of Vice


Scholars Discuss Professor Darryl Brown's Book 'Free Market Criminal Justice'

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