Since the outbreak of conflict in the northern Ethiopian region of Tigray in November 2020, the international community has attempted to pressure Ethiopia, Eritrea, and regional Tigrayan forces to cease hostilities. Reports of human rights abuses and war crimes by parties to the conflict have prompted international condemnation. To step up pressure on the parties, the United States in recent months announced a sanctions regime, imposed sanctions on Eritrean officials, and terminated Ethiopia's status as a beneficiary under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which provides trade benefits to eligible sub-Saharan African countries. In late March, the Ethiopian government announced a humanitarian ceasefire to permit aid delivery into Tigray.

Kristen Eichensehr, United States Supports International Efforts to End Conflict in Northern Ethiopia, 116 American Journal of International Law, 438–445 (2022).
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