The United States has taken legislative and executive actions to address human rights violations committed by the People's Republic of China (PRC), particularly in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang). Building on Trump administration policies, the Biden administration has sanctioned Chinese officials and entities for human rights abuses and established a new sanctions regime for Chinese companies involved in the development and use of surveillance technology to aid repression. The United States has also tightened trade restrictions with the passage of the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA), which bars Chinese goods made with forced labor from entering the United States. More symbolically, the Biden administration announced a diplomatic boycott of the 2022 Winter Olympic Games in Beijing, allowing U.S. athletes to compete but declining to send a U.S. government delegation.

Kristen Eichensehr, United States Pressures China Over Human Rights Abuses, 116 American Journal of International Law, 433–438 (2022).
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