What does it mean to say that the government may not “restrict expression because of its message, its ideas, its subject matter, or its content?” Whatever it means, how would one determine when it has occurred? First Amendment law has wrestled with these questions for more than forty years, and if McCullen v. Coakley is a reliable indicator, the debates have only become more fractious. At several points, the Justices viewed a single phenomenon in strikingly different terms. These conflicts demonstrate both the potential benefits of clear rules in the content discrimination context and their lurking futility.

Leslie Kendrick, Nonsense on Sidewalks: Content Discrimination in <em>McCullen v Coakley</em>, 2014 Supreme Court Review 215–242 (2014).
UVA Law Faculty Affiliations