John Norton Moore

  • Walter L. Brown Professor of Law Emeritus

John Norton Moore, who joined the faculty in 1966, is an authority on international law, national security law and the law of the sea. He also teaches advanced topics in national security law and the rule of law. Moore taught the first course in the country on national security law and conceived and co-authored the first casebook on the subject. From 1991-93, during the Gulf War and its aftermath, Moore was the principal legal adviser to the Ambassador of Kuwait to the United States and to the Kuwait delegation to the U.N. Iraq-Kuwait Boundary Demarcation Commission.

From 1985 to 1991, he chaired the board of directors of the U.S. Institute of Peace, one of six presidential appointments he has held. From 1973 to 1976, he was chair of the National Security Council Interagency Task Force on the Law of the Sea and ambassador and deputy special representative of the president to the law of the sea conference. Previously he served as the counselor on international law to the State Department. With the deputy attorney general of the United States, he was co-chair in March 1990 of the U.S.-USSR talks in Moscow and Leningrad on the rule of law. As a consultant to the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, he was honored by the director for his work on the ABM Treaty Interpretation Project. He has been a frequent witness before congressional committees on maritime policy, legal aspects of foreign policy, national security, war and treaty powers, and democracy and human rights. He has been a fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars at the Smithsonian Institution.

Moore is a member of advisory and editorial boards for nine journals and numerous professional organizations, and he has published many articles on oceans policy, national security and international law.

 

 

Education

  • LL.M.
    University of Illinois College of Law
    1965
  • LL.B.
    Duke University School of Law
    1962
  • A.B.
    Drew University
    1959

Books

Cooperation and Engagement in the Asia-Pacific Region (edited with Ronan Long), Brill Nijhoff (2019).
The Marine Environment and United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water (edited with Ronán Long, Myron H. Nordquist), Brill Nijhoff (2019).
Legal Order in the World’s Oceans: UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (edited with Ronán Long), Brill Nijhoff (2018).
International Marine Economy: Law and Policy (edited with Ronán Long), Brill Nijhoff (2017).
Freedom of Navigation and Globalization (edited with Robert C. Beckman, Ronán Long, Myron H. Nordquist), Brill Nijhoff (2015).
The Regulation of Continental Shelf Development: Rethinking International Standards (edited with Aldo Chircop, Ronán Long, Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2013).
Maritime Border Diplomacy (edited with Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2012).
The Law of the Sea Convention: US Accession and Globalization (edited with Hak So Kim, Myron H. Nordquist, Alfred H. Soons), Martinus Nijhoff (2012).
Changes in the Arctic Environment and the Law of the Sea (edited with Tomas H. Heidar, Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2010).
Freedom of Seas, Passage Rights and the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (edited with Tommy T. Koh, Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2009).
International Energy Policy, the Arctic and the Law of the Sea (edited with Myron H. Nordquist, Alexander S. Skaridov), Martinus Nijhoff (2006).
Recent Developments in the Law of the Sea and China (edited with Kuen-chen Fu, Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2006).
Civil Litigation Against Terrorism, Carolina Academic Press (2004).
Legal and Scientific Aspects of Continental Shelf Limits (edited with Tomas H. Heidar, Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2004).
Solving the War Puzzle: Beyond the Democratic Peace, Carolina Academic Press (2004).
The Stockholm Declaration and Law of the Marine Environment (edited with Said Mahmoudi, Myron H. Nordquist), Kluwer Law International (2003).
Current Marine Environmental Issues and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (edited with Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2001).
The National Law of Treaty Implementation, Carolina Academic Press (2001).
Current Fisheries Issues and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (edited with Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (2000).
Current Maritime Issues and the International Maritime Organization (edited with Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (1999).
Oceans Policy: New Institutions, Challenges, and Opportunities (edited with Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (1999).
Security Flashpoints: Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military Confrontation (edited with Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (1998).
Entry into Force of the Law of the Sea Convention (edited with Myron H. Nordquist), Martinus Nijhoff (1995).
The Vietnam Debate: A Fresh Look at the Arguments, University Press of America (1990).
The Secret War in Central America: Sandinista Assault on World Order, University Publications of America (1987).
Law and the Grenada Mission, Center for Law and National Order / Center for Strategic and International Studies (1984).
Readings in International Law from the Naval War College Review, 1947-1977 (edited with Richard B. Lillich), Naval War College Press (1980).
Deep Seabed Mining in the Law of the Sea Negotiations (II): Toward a Balanced Development System (with Jutta Stender, Philip Stopford & Rudiger Wolfrum), Michie (1979).
The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Princeton University Press (Abridged & revised ed. 1977).
Law and Civil War in the Modern World, Johns Hopkins Press (1974).
The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Princeton University Press (1 ed. 1974).
Law and the Indo-China War, Princeton University Press (1972).

Textbooks

Ocean Law: Course Manual (with Samuel Pyeatt Menefee & Ivon D’Almeida Pires-Filho), Federal Publications (1982).

Book Chapters

Preface, in Lifting the Fog of War: New Thinking about War and War Prevention, Carolina Academic Press, xi-xii (2019).
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: One of the Greatest Achievements in the International Rule of Law, in Legal Order in the World’s Oceans: UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, Brill Nijhoff, 5-23 (2018).
Preface, in Marine Mammal Conservation and the Law of the Sea, Oxford University Press, xi-xii (2016).
Panel V: Debate: Resolved: The Senate Should Give Prompt Advice and Consent to the Law of the Sea Convention (with Steven Groves), in The Law of the Sea Convention: US Accession and Globalization, Martinus Nijhoff, 999-126 (2012).
Civil Litigation Against Terrorism: Neglected Promise, in Legal Issues in the Struggle Against Terror, Carolina Academic Press, 197-234 (2010).
The UNCLOS Negotiations on Ice-Covered Areas, in Changes in the Arctic Environment and the Law of the Sea, Martinus Nijhoff, 17-26 (2010).
Introduction, in Civil Litigation Against Terrorism, undefined, 3-26 (2004).
Enhanced Effectiveness in United Nations Peacekeeping, Collective Security, and War Avoidance: Towards a New Paradigm, in Strengthening the United Nations and Enhancing War Prevention, Carolina Academic Press, 101-201 (2000).
The Rule of Law in the Oceans, in Security Flashpoints: Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military Confrontation, Martinus Nijhoff, 467-475 (1998).
Low-Intensity Conflict and the International Legal System, in Low-Intensity Conflict: Old Threats in a New World, Westview Press, 276-287 (1992).
Morality and the Rule of Law in the Foreign Policy of the Democracies, in Morality and Expediency in International and Corporate Relations, University of Texas at Dallas Press, 123-190 (1992).
Constitutionalism and the Rule of Law, in The Role of the Republic of China in the International Community, U.S. Global Strategy Council, 27-36 (1991).
The Principles of Cooperation and Good Faith Fulfillment of International Obligations, in International Law and International Security: Military and Political Dimensions: A U.S.-Soviet Dialogue, M. E. Sharpe, 278-287 (1991).
Development of the International Law of Conflict Management, in National Security Law, Carolina Academic Press, 47-83 (1990).
The Use of Force in International Relations: Norms Concerning the Initiation of Coercion, in National Security Law, Carolina Academic Press, 85-192 (1990).
The Need for an International Convention, in Legal Responses to International Terrorism: U.S. Procedural Aspects, Martinus Nijhoff, 437-444 (1988).
Appendix B, in Report of the Congressional Committees Investigating the Iran-contra Affair (S. Rep. 100-216/H.R. Rep. 100-433), US Government Print Office, 608-623 (1987).
Legal Aspects of Cooperative Forces: Strengthening Collective Defense, in Developing Cooperative Forces in the Third World, Heath, 183-204 (1987).
Nicaragua and International Law, in The Continuing Crisis: U.S. Policy in Central America and the Caribbean, Ethics & Public Policy Center, 433-443 (1987).
Part II—Introduction, in Governmental Responses to Terrorism, Hero Books, 67-72 (1987).
Preface, in Biennial Report of the United States Institute of Peace, United States Institute of Peace, v, 33 (1987).
The Constitution, Nuclear Weapons, and Deterrence: An Analysis of the Fas Proposal, in First Use of Nuclear Weapons: Under the Constitution, Who Decides?, Greenwood, 23-35 (1987).
Foreword, in National Security Leaks: Is There a Legal Solution?, American Bar Association, v (1986).
General Discussion (with others with), in The United States and the Compulsory Jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice, University Press of America, 119-185 (1986).
The Future of Arms Control: A Panel Discussion (with others with), in Arms Control and Strategic Stability: Challenges for the Future, University Press of America, 149-175 (1986).
Appendix (with Sol M. Linowitz), in Restoring Bipartisanship in Foreign Affairs, American Bar Association, 64-71 (1985).
Customary International Law after the Convention, in The Developing Order of the Oceans, Law of the Sea Institute, 41-49 (1985).
Introduction, in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982: A Commentary, Martinus Nijhoff, xxv-xxix (1985).
Introduction, in Oceans Policy Study Series 6: United States Law of the Sea Policy: Options for the Future, Oceana, 3-5 (1985).
The Brezhnev Doctrine and the Radical Regime Assault on the Legal Order, in International Security and the Brezhnev Doctrine, International Security Council, 73-97 (1985).
Introduction, in Ratification of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Conflict Analysis Center, 3-6 (1984).
The Effects and Limits of Congressional Micro-management of Foreign Policy, in Congress, the President, and Foreign Policy, American Bar Association, 141-150 (1984).
The Legal Dimension: Commentary, in China Policy and National Security, Transnational Publishers, 221-225 (1984).
The Proper Role of Congress in Foreign Affairs, in Congress, the President, and Foreign Policy, American Bar Association, 187-189 (1984).
Introduction, in Multi-System Nations and International Law: The International Status of Germany, Korea and China, Occasional Papers/Reprint Series in Contemporary Asian Studies, iii (1981).
Luncheon Address, in The Iran Crisis and International Law, John Bassett Moore Society of International Law, 95-106 (1981).
The Law of the Sea Negotiations and the Struggle for Law, in Proceedings of Conference on Deep Seabed Mining and Freedom of the Seas, United Nations Association of Connecticut and University of Bridgeport School of Law, 21-31 (1981).
Protection of Navigational Freedom and the Problem of Vessel-Source Pollution, in New Trends in Maritime Navigation, Ocean Association of Japan, 39-42 (1980).
The Legal Tradition and the Management of National Security, in Toward World Order and Human Dignity: Essays in Honor of Myres S. McDougal, Free Press, 321-364 (1976).
The Law of the Sea: An Overview, in International Law of the Sea and the Future of Deep Seabed Mining, Accent Printing, 77-91 (1975).
Peacekeeping Forces: An Introduction, in The United Nations: A Reassessment; Sanctions, Peacekeeping, and Humanitarian Assistance, University Press of Virginia, 59-60 (1973).
The Role of Regional Arrangements in the Maintenance of World Order, in The Future of the International Legal Order, Princeton University Press, 122-164 (1971).
Working Group: Population, Health, and Family (with others with), in Environment and Society in Transition: Scientific Developments, Social Consequences, Policy Implications, New York Academy of Sciences, 494-565 (1971).
Intervention: A Monochromatic Term for a Polychromatic Reality, in The Vietnam War and International Law, Princeton University Press, 1061-1088 (1969).

Articles & Reviews

Navigational Freedom: The Most Critical Common Heritage, 93 International Law Studies 251-261 (2017).
Jus ad Bellum Before the International Court of Justice, 52 Virginia Journal of International Law 903-961 (2012).
UNCLOS Key to Increasing Navigational Freedom, 12 Texas Review of Law and Policy 459-467 (2008).
America Fights Back: The Legal Issues, 11 Cardozo Journal of International & Comparative Law 831-851 (2004).
Solving the War Puzzle, 97 American Journal of International Law 282-289 (2003).
Enhancing Compliance with International Law: A Neglected Remedy, 39 Virginia Journal of International Law 881-1016 (1999).
Iraq’s Aggression Against Kuwait: Enforcing the Rule of Law in the Gulf Crisis, 4 Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues 1-144 (1991).
War Crimes and the Rule of Law in the Gulf Crisis, 31 Virginia Journal of International Law 403-415 (1991).
Strengthening World Order: Reversing the Slide to Anarchy, 4 American University Journal of International Law & Policy 1-24 (1989).
Do We Have an Imperial Congress?, 43 University of Miami Law Review 139-153 (1988).
Separation of Powers in Foreign Policy: Do We Have an Imperial Congress?, 1987 George C. Marshall Public Service Leadership Conference Report 15-25 (1987).
The Nicaragua Case and the Deterioration of World Order, 81 American Journal of International Law 151-159 (1987).
The Secret War in Central America—A Response to James P. Rowles, 27 Virginia Journal of International Law 273-285 (1987).
Global Order, Low Intensity Conflict and a Strategy of Deterrence, 39 Naval War College Review 30-46 (1986).
Legal Issues in the Central American Conflict, Journal of Contemporary Studies 93-109 (1985).
Tripping Through Wonderland with Noam Chomsky: A Response, Journal of Contemporary Studies 47-89 (1985).
Legal and Political Issues in the Central American Conflict: Remarks, 79 American Society of International Law Proceedings 45-50 (1985).
Legal Issues in the Central American Debate, 131 Congressional Record 8772-8773 (1985).
Grenada and the International Double Standard, 78 American Journal of International Law 145-168 (1984).
Coping with Internal Conflicts: Dilemmas in International Law: General Discussion (with others with), 13 Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law 231-241, 315 (1983).
Legal Standards for Intervention in Internal Conflicts, 13 Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law 191-199 (1983).
Nuclear Weapons and the Law: Enhancing Strategic Stability, 9 Brooklyn Journal of International Law 263-268 (1983).
Charting a New Course in the Law of the Sea Negotiations, 10 Denver Journal of International Law & Policy 207-219 (1981).
International Economic Policy and National Security, 1 Public Law Forum 29-43 (1981).
Foreign Policy Dimensions of the Crisis in Oil, 17 Willamette Law Review 111-139 (1980).
Review of International Straits of the World (reviewing Michael Leifer, International Straits of the World: Malacca, Singapore, and Indonesia) 74 American Journal of International Law 231-233 (1980).
The Regime of Straits and the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, 74 American Journal of International Law 77-121 (1980).
The Regime of Straits and the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, 74 American Journal of International Law 77-121 (1980).
China: Constitutional Implications of Recognition and Derecognition: Remarks, 73 American Society of International Law Proceedings 148-153 (1979).
Law and Foreign Policy of the Oceans, 9 California Western International Law Journal 522-539 (1979).
Progress of U.S. Deep Seabed Mineral Resources Bill, 73 American Journal of International Law 525-526 (1979).
Review of Knight, Managing the Sea’s Living Resources, (reviewing Gary Knight, Managing the Sea's Living Resources: Legal and Political Aspects of High Seas Fisheries) 72 American Journal of International Law 931-933 (1978).
In Search of Common Nodules at UNCLOS III, 18 Virginia Journal of International Law 1-29 (1977).
Introduction: Organizing for a National Oceans Program, 19 William & Mary Law Review 1-15 (1977).
The Common Interest in the Oceans, 7 Thesaurus Acroasium 141-156 (1977).
United States Policy and the Arab Boycott, 71 American Society of International Law Proceedings 174-182 (1977).
Foreign Policy and Fidelity to Law: The Anatomy of a Treaty Violation, 70 American Journal of International Law 802-808 (1976).
Salvaging UNCLOS III from the Rocks of the Deep Seabed, 17 Virginia Journal of International Law 1-7 (1976).
The Law of the Sea: A Choice and a Challenge, 15 Virginia Journal of International Law 791-793 (1975).
Law and National Security, 51 Foreign Affairs 408-421 (1973).
Toward Legal Restraints on International Terrorism, 67 American Society of International Law Proceedings 88-94 (1973).
Legal Dimensions of the Decision to Intercede in Cambodia, 65 American Journal of International Law 38-75 (1971).
Review of Castañeda, Legal Effects of United Nations Resolutions, 65 American Journal of International Law 647-649 (1971).
Quincy Wright: Scholar with a Vision, 11 Virginia Journal of International Law 7-8 (1970).
The Elephant Misperceived: Intervention and American Foreign Policy (reviewing Richard J. Barnett, Intervention and Revolution: The United States in the Third World) 56 Virginia Law Review 364-370 (1970).
The Control of Foreign Intervention in Internal Conflict, 9 Virginia Journal of International Law 205-342 (1969).
The Justiciability of Challenges to the Use of Military Forces Abroad, 10 Virginia Journal of International Law 85-107 (1969).
Law and Politics in the Vietnamese War: A Response to Professor Friedmann, 61 American Journal of International Law 1039-1053 (1967).
The Geneva Agreements of 1954: A Preface, 8 Virginia Journal of International Law 1-3 (1967).
The Lawfulness of United States Assistance to the Republic of Viet Nam (with James L. Underwood), 5 Duquesne Law Review 235-352 (1967).
The Role of Law in the Viet Nam Debate, 41 Connecticut Bar Journal 389-401 (1967).
Federalism and Foreign Relations, 1965 Duke Law Journal 248-321 (1965).
The Role of the State Department in Judicial Proceedings, 31 Fordham Law Review 277-302 (1962).
The Secret War in Central America and the Future of World Order, 80 American Journal of International Law 43-127.

Reports & Datasets

Hearings on the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (Treaty Doc. 103-39), Oct. 14, 21, 2003: Statement, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (S. Exec. Rep. 108-10) 49-59, 69 (2004).
Statement, Military Implications of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea US Government Print Office 77-92, 102 (2004).
Statement, U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea US Government Print Office 68-86, 89 (2004).
Statement, The Constitutional Roles of Congress and the President in Declaring and Waging War US Government Print Office 365-395 (1991).
Statement, The U.S. Institute of Peace and the Taft Institute for Two-party Government US Government Print Office 5-22 (1988).
Statements (with Samuel W. Lewis), Oversight of the U.S. Institute of Peace US Government Print Office 4-64 (1988).
U.S. Institute of Peace, 7 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1988 US Government Print Office 831-876 (1987).
U.S. Institute of Peace, 1 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1988 US Government Print Office 417-505 (1987).
Statement, Legal Mechanisms to Combat Terrorism US Government Print Office 189-198 (1986).
United States Institute of Peace, 7 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1987 US Government Print Office 885-952 (1986).
Constitutional Issues Relating to the Proposed Genocide Convention, Constitutional Issues Relating to the Proposed Genocide Convention US Government Print Office 4-42 (1985).
Letter to Gus Yatron, Expressing the Sense of the House of Representatives with Respect to Ratification of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide US Government Print Office 15-16 (1985).
Statement, Crime of Genocide US Government Print Office 80-86, 92 (1985).
Statement, Nominations US Government Print Office 22-58 (1985).
Letter of July 19, 1983 to Hon. Edwin B. Forsythe, with Enclosures, 2 Oceanography Miscellaneous US Government Print Office 140-174 (1983).
Statement, S. 1324, an Amendment to the National Security Act of 1947 US Government Print Office 92-98, 103 (1983).
Statement, The Genocide Convention US Government Print Office 115-129 (1982).
Statement, The Israeli Airstrike US Government Print Office 237-254 (1981).
Statement, International Human Rights Treaties US Government Print Office 77-73, 78 (1979).
Statement, Treaty Termination US Government Print Office 396-425, 512 (1979).
Statement, 1 Oceanography Miscellaneous US Government Print Office 302-322 (1978).
Statement, 2 Oceanography Miscellaneous US Government Print Office 194-251 (1978).
Statement, 4 Panama Canal Treaties US Government Print Office 86-95, 105 (1978).
Statement, Deep Seabed Mining and the Law of the Sea US Government Print Office 46-55, 60 (1977).
Statement, Congressional Review of International Agreements US Government Print Office 200-236, 254 (1976).
Statement, Deep Seabed Hard Minerals Act US Government Print Office 139-147, 163 (1976).
Statement, Investigation into Certain Past Instances of Genocide and Exploration of Policy Options for the Future US Government Print Office 89-92 (1976).
Statement, Oceanography Miscellaneous US Government Print Office 39-90 (1975).
Statement (with others with), Emergency Marine Fisheries Protection Act of 1975 US Government Print Office 1-64 (1975).
Statement, 1 Fish and Wildlife Miscellaneous US Government Print Office 132-137, 139 (1975).
Statement, Fisheries Jurisdiction US Government Print Office 86-154 (1975).
Statement, Geneva Session of the Third United Nations Law of the Sea Conference US Government Print Office 2-28 (1975).
Statement, Law of the Sea US Government Print Office 5-35 (1975).
Statement, Potential Impact of the Proposed 200-mile Fishing Zone on U.S. Foreign Relations US Government Print Office 48-50, 52 (1975).
Statement, 3 Status Report on Law of the Sea Conference US Government Print Office 1175-1179, 1201 (1975).
Statement (with others with), Two-Hundred-Mile Fishing Zone US Government Print Office 150-168 (1975).
Statement, Deep Seabed Hard Minerals US Government Print Office 371-406 (1974).
Statement, Emergency Marine Fisheries Protection Act of 1974 US Government Print Office 42-75 (1974).
Statement, Extending Jurisdiction of the U.S. over Certain Ocean Areas US Government Print Office 39-71 (1974).
Statement, 2 Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed US Government Print Office 929-1014 (1974).
Testimony, Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas US Government Print Office 229-258 (1974).
Letters, Status Report on Law of the Sea Conference US Government Print Office 94-113 (1973).
Statement, 1 Deepwater Port Act of 1973 US Government Print Office 606-619 (1973).
Statement, 1 Fish and Wildlife Miscellaneous US Government Print Office 148-169 (1973).
Statement, Law of the Sea Resolution US Government Print Office 2-31 (1973).
Statement, Mineral Resources of the Deep Seabed US Government Print Office 225-303 (1973).
Statement, Offshore Ports and Terminals US Government Print Office 69-94 (1973).
Statement, U.S. Oceans Policy US Government Print Office 7-56 (1973).
Statement (with others with), Maritime Briefings US Government Print Office 149-200 (1973).
Statement, Congressional Oversight of Executive Agreements US Government Print Office 140-176 (1972).
Statement, War Powers Legislation US Government Print Office 460-482 (1971).
Statement, Congress, the President, and the War Powers US Government Print Office 124-135, 138 (1970).
U.S. Institute of Peace, 3 Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1987 US Government Print Office 923-958.

Op-Eds, Blogs, Shorter Works

Pandemics, National Security & Re-Balancing Health Care (with Steven R. Goldring), Lawfire (June 22, 2020).
Don’t Shroud Jefferson, Roanoke Times 50B (October 6, 2017).
Restoring America’s Oceans Leadership, Huffington Post (July 27, 2012).
Conservatives and the Law of the Sea Time Warp, Wall Street Journal A15 (July 8, 2012).
Moore, John Bassett (with Jamie F. Tabb), Yale Biographical Dictionary of American Law Yale University Press 388-389 (2009).
Opportunity on the Oceans: America Wins with the Law of the Sea Treaty (with Lawrence S. Eagleburger), Washington Post A15 (July 30, 2007).
Law in Business: A Matter of Interpretation, Legal Week (July 27, 2006).
Introductory Remarks, Security Flashpoints: Oil, Islands, Sea Access and Military Confrontation Martinus Nijhoff 3-6 (1998).
Protection of the Environment During Armed Conflict: Concluding Remarks, 69 International Law Studies 629-638 (1996).
Changing Role of the International Court of Justice: Remarks, 85 American Society of International Law Proceedings 35-38 (1991).
Renegotiating Part XI: Ensuring an Effective Seabed Mining Regime, 15 Center for Oceans Law & Policy Proceedings 239-246 (1991).
Welcoming Remarks, 15 Center for Oceans Law & Policy Proceedings 3-5 (1991).
For More than One Reason, Washington Times G1 (December 18, 1990).
Fourteenth Annual Seminar: Welcoming Remarks, 14 Center for Oceans Law & Policy Proceedings 1-2 (1990).
Law in the U.S. Foreign Relations Process: Opening the Channels: Remarks, 83 American Society of International Law Proceedings 418-422, 426 (1989).
Marine Policy and Education Division Retrospective, Marine Technology Society Journal 69-70 (October, 1988).
Reagan vs. Wright: The Constitutional Role of the President and Congress in Foreign Affairs (with Thomas M. Franck), Town Hall Journal 129-130 (August 23, 1988).
Series Examines National Security, American Bar Association Journal 104 (April 1, 1987).
A Few Thoughts on Fighting Terrorism, 10 Terrorism 41-43 (1987).
Correspondence, 81 American Journal of International Law 186-195 (1987).
Foreword: Legal Issues of Foreign Involvement in Central America, 6 St. Louis University Public Law Review 1-2 (1987).
Mexico and the United States: Strengthening the Relationship: Preface (with Richard E. Friedman), 18 California Western International Law Journal 1-4 (1987).
The Rule of Law for the Covert, Washington Times D1-D2 (1987).
The Defenders as Culprits, Washington Times D-3 (December 17, 1986).
International Law and Terrorism, ROA National Security Report 11-13 (October, 1986).
A New American Quest for Peace, Palo Alto Times Tribune B4, B6 (July 6, 1986).
An Appropriate US Response: The Peace Institute, Christian Science Monitor 18 (June 30, 1986).
International Law and the Fight Against Terrorism, Food & Drug Policy Forum 1-4 (May, 1986).
The New Face of War: Covert Conflicts, Wall Street Journal 26 (April 25, 1986).
Secret War in Central America: A Documentation, Washington Times D1-D2 (April 14, 1986).
The “Greatest Threats” Are External, Center Magazine 46-51 (May, 1985).
Cuba, Nicaragua Are the Real Dangers, LA Times II5 (April 22, 1985).
Codification and Progressive Development: Legal Issues in Central America, Harvard International Review 18-21, 25 (November, 1984).
Nicaraguan Injustice at the World Court, Wall Street Journal 30 (October 8, 1984).
The War Powers Resolution . . . of Doubtful Constitutionality, 70 American Bar Association Journal 10, 12, 14 (March, 1984).
The Basic Myths of Terrorism, Congressional Monthly 17-18 (January, 1984).
The Legal Basis for Grenada, Washington Times C1 (November 11, 1983).
Rethinking the “War Powers” Gambit, Wall Street Journal 30 (October 27, 1983).
Correspondence, 77 American Journal of International Law 610-615 (1983).
Editorial Comment: The Inter-American System Snarls in Falklands War, 76 American Journal of International Law 830-831 (1982).
The Falkland/Malvinas Crisis: Remarks, 76 American Society of International Law Proceedings 275-278 (1982).
Lessons for the Future, Freedom at Issue 6-8 (November, 1981).
The Sea Law Treaty Should Be Drydocked, Newsday 39 (June 8, 1981).
Preserving Order and Security: Remarks, 75 American Society of International Law Proceedings 66-69 (1981).
Ocean and Coastal Management Division, Marine Technology Society Journal 34-35 (September, 1980).
The National Executive and the Use of the Armed Forces Abroad, Naval War College Review 28-38 (January, 1980).
Floating the National Ocean Effort: A Commentary, Marine Technology Society Journal 20-21 (October, 1979).
In Honor of Professor-Ambassador Covey Thomas Oliver, 127 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 884-886 (1979).
How Not to Protect Our Oceans, Newsday 41 (July 10, 1978).
To Protect U.S. Oceans Interests, New York Times 38 (October 21, 1976).
The High Cost of Neglecting the Ocean, New York Times 21 (August 21, 1976).
In Sea Law Talks, U.S. Misses the Boat, LA Times II7 (August 12, 1976).
U.S. Policy on Oceans: A Choice, New York Times 35 (September 17, 1974).

Current Courses

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All Courses

Indochina War: Legal & Policy
International Law
National Security Law
Oceans Law and Policy
Rule of Law: Controlling Government in Contemporary Legal Thought (seminar)
War & Peace: New Thinking About the Causes of War and War Avoidance (seminar)

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