Clinical Training

Clinical Training

Virginia’s 20 clinics, many of which offer contact with clients, build experience with real-world problems. Students also advance their skills through courses in public speaking, trial advocacy and professional responsibility, as well as extracurricular moot court and mock trial competitions.

Clinic Comparison Chart for Current Students


Under the supervision of an attorney, students perform the lawyer functions associated with their cases, including client and witness interviews, factual development, legal research, preparation of pleadings and negotiation. Students with third-year practice certification may also be responsible for courtroom advocacy. The following clinics are offered most years.

Appellate Litigation

Students brief and argue one or more appeals before a federal appeals court.

Child Advocacy

Students represent children involved in legal issues in the areas of education, foster care and social services, mental health and developmental disabilities, and delinquency.

Civil Rights

Students provide relief and legal support to people and communities that have been harmed by the criminalization of poverty and other forms of discrimination or deprivation of rights.

Criminal Defense

Students represent defendants in criminal cases in local courts.

Economic and Consumer Justice Clinic

Students work with clients who have problems that are covered by various consumer protection laws, mainly those governing debt collection and other debt-related issues.

Employment Law

Cases may include wrongful discharge actions, unemployment compensation claims, employment discrimination charges and other claims.

Entrepreneurial Law

Students provide legal counseling and draft basic corporate documentation for startup companies.

Environmental Law and Community Engagement

Students represent and counsel a diverse array of environmental nonprofits, citizens’ groups and community organizations seeking to protect and restore the environment.

Federal Criminal Sentence Reduction Clinic

This clinic works to reduce the sentences of indigent federal inmates and gives students a unique opportunity to practice in federal court.

First Amendment

In conjunction with the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, students undertake projects in First Amendment subject areas.

Health and Disability Law

Students help represent mentally ill and elderly clients in negotiations, administrative hearings and court proceedings.

Immigration Law

Students may work with clients to appeal denials of applications for status and special categorization or procedures.

Innocence Project

Students investigate potential wrongful convictions of Virginia inmates through interviewing potential clients and witnesses, and searching and reviewing pertinent case files and records.

International Human Rights

Students gain experience in human rights advocacy under the supervision of international human rights lawyers.

Litigation and Housing Law

Students handle eviction cases, rent escrow cases, grievance hearings and other enforcement of residents’ rights.


Students advise and work directly with local nonprofit organizations on matters such as initial formation, tax-exempt status, ongoing legal compliance and good corporate governance.

Patent and Licensing Clinic I and II

This clinic involves instruction and practical training in patent drafting, negotiating and drafting of patent and software license agreements. 


Students undertake a prosecutor’s duties, including exercising discretion in the decision to prosecute, interacting with law enforcement personnel, dealing with victims and witnesses, and establishing relationships with defense counsel.

State and Local Government Policy

This clinic provides students the opportunity to be directly involved in the practice of actual law and policymaking.

Supreme Court Litigation

Working in teams, students handle actual U.S. Supreme Court cases, from seeking review to briefing on the merits.


Seeking Legal Assistance?

Dan Ortiz and Supreme Court Litigation Clinic

Clinics Adapt To Serve Their Clients

Clinics that provide real-world experience to students are rising to the challenges posed by the pandemic.


Rojai Fentress

Innocence Project Client Freed on Conditional Pardon

The Innocence Project at UVA Law welcomed to freedom client Rojai Fentress, who the clinic’s directors say was falsely convicted of murder as a teenager.


Immigration Law Clinic participants

Freedom for Asylum Seekers Among This Year’s Clinic Victories

Clinic students scored important victories for underrepresented communities during the school year.


Andy Kriha

Andy Kriha ’20 Receives Outstanding Clinical Student Award

Andy Kriha ’20 is this year’s UVA Law recipient of the Clinical Legal Education Association’s Outstanding Clinical Student Award.


Crystal Shin

Professor To Direct Juvenile Defense Clinic

Professor Crystal Shin ’10 will direct a new juvenile justice clinic at UVA Law.


Stakeholders meet with AMMD Pine Grove Project members

Clinic Joins Fight To Preserve Historic Black Schoolhouse

The Environmental and Regulatory Law Clinic has joined an effort to protect a historic African American schoolhouse.


Nellie Black

Nellie Black ’20 Goes From Classroom to Courtroom

Nellie Black ’20 discusses how she took what she learned with the Prosecution Clinic into the courtroom.


Supreme Court Litigation Clinic participants

Clinic Wins Attorneys’ Fees Case at U.S. Supreme Court

The Supreme Court Litigation Clinic won a unanimous decision that may benefit Social Security claimants.


Child Advocacy Clinic participants

Clinic Win Demonstrates Uphill Battle for Incarcerated Children

A recent court victory for two UVA Law students demonstrates the uphill battle accused youths face in Virginia.