On March 1, 2024, the University of Richmond Law Review hosted a symposium entitled Vestiges of the Confederacy: Reckoning with the Legacy of the South. Professor Bertrall L. Ross II1 delivered the presentation transcribed below, which has been edited for clarity and cohesion. The University of Richmond Law Review was honored to host him and is thrilled to publish this transcript of his thoughtful discussion.

Bertrall Ross, When Class Competed with Race and Lost: An Origin Story of the Political Marginalization of the Poor, 58 University of Richmond Law Review, 671 (2024).